In common with other ferns, Lecanopteris has 2 alternating generations. These are the:
Male and female sex organs are produced on the gametophyte and fertilisation takes place when there is sufficient moisture, usually between different individuals. The resultant zygote grows into a new sporophyte plant.
In Lecanopteris spinosa and some other Lecanopteris species, spores are shed in clusters of 4, connected by the flaky spore surface. This is unusual in ferns and may be an adaptation to the ant - fern association.
The process by which water and nutrients are absorbed and conveyed to the plant tissues and organs.
Part of a plant that has been modified to provide protection for insects, mites or fungi.
Plants that grow on another plant for support but are not parasitic.
Not obligatory - can complete its life cycle independently.
With a waxy blue-green sheen.
A structure that covers the sorus.
Descended from a single common ancestor.
A fern's midrib.
A fern's stem.
Group of sporangia.