Taxonomy

Syzygium aromaticum is an evergreen tree growing to 10–20m, with the following characteristics:

  • leaves are opposite, egg-shaped to elliptic 6–13cm by 3–6cm
  • flower buds are 1–2cm long
  • the hypanthium is surrounded with 4 thick divergent sepals and a dome-shaped corolla
  • the stamens are numerous and showy
  • fruit is a small, dark red-coloured berry, 2–2.5cm long

Synonyms

Synonyms for Syzygium aromaticum include:

  • Caryophyllus aromaticus L.
  • Eugenia aromatica (L.) Baill.
  • Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb.
  • Jambosa caryophyllus Nied.
  • Myrtus caryophyllus Spreng.
Glossary
Carminative

From the Latin carminare - to cleanse. A soothing medicament that acts by relieving stomach and intestinal pain.

Hypanthium

Floral structure in which the sepals, petals and stamens are fused together.

Laterite

Soil rich in iron and aluminium and formed in hot and wet tropical areas.

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