Phyllonoma ruscifolia was collected as part of a Museum lead project funded by Defra to support the conservation of this area.
3,000 species of plants were collected during exploration of the park. 200 of the species were designated keystone species because of their contribution to their environment. P. ruscifolia is a designated keystone species.
The conservation status of Phyllonoma ruscifolia in Panama and Costa Rica was assessed by
The conservation assessment established that, according to IUCN criteria, Phyllonoma ruscifolia is Near Threatened.