Lumbricus terrestris is indigenous to the holarctic zones - the world’s northern continents. It was introduced into temperate regions of South America, Australia, New Zealand and several temperate oceanic and southern islands by European settlers and traders.

It is widespread and common in Britain, often in undisturbed habitats - particularly grasslands and pastures.  It is also commonly found in lawns, parks and gardens, but less common in woodlands and arable soils.

Lumbricus terrestris is an anecic species as it creates permanent vertical burrows in the soil.  

An L. terrrestris burrow can be 1–3m deep and the earthworm inhabits it for its entire life cycle.

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