Species of Endocarpon are easily recognisable by their large pigmented muriform spores and the presence of algal cells in their fruiting bodies.
In contrast to the crustose genus Staurothele, which shares these characteristics, Endocarpon is generally squamulose and its algal cells are usually arranged in vertical columns in the vegetative body.
Among other species of Endocarpon, E. pusillum can be identified by the presence of rhizines and two-spored asci.
Endocarpon simplicatum. © C Gueidan
Endocarpon simplicatum is sometimes mistaken for Endocarpon pusillum.
These two species can co-occur in the same localities.
Endocarpon simplicatum is characterised by smaller squamules, larger spores and one-spored asci.
Plural of ascus - sexual spore-bearing cells.
Regular, brick wall-like arrangement.
Bottle-shaped fruiting body.
Hairlike growths that bind the thallus to its substrate.
A small, loosely attached thallus lobe - vegetative structure.
Close and long-term interaction between two different species.