Distribution and habitat

  • Indonesia
  • New Guinea
  • coastal northern Australia
  • south and west Pacific Islands

Naturalised in:

  • Hawaii
  • Jamaica
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba

Terrestrial in rainforests, clearings and along roadsides, often also found in ravines and steep volcanic slopes, always on very rich soils.

Trophic strategy

On nutrient rich volcanic soils.