Silver-gilt turban shell cup from the Gilbert Collection, Somerset House London. Made by Jacob Frick in Konstanz, Germany circa 1590-1600. Item O157898
http://collections.vam.ac.uk/ © V&A Images
Turbo marmoratus has been the focus of an intense fishery over the last century. It continues to be fished for its nacreous shell, which is used:
The heavy shell and large calcareous operculum are also valued as craft items and for the shell-trade.
The animal itself is eaten and the meat forms an important part of the diet of fishermen and local communities throughout the Indo-West Pacific.
These fishing pressures are often very intense. World harvest of T. marmoratus was estimated at:
To enhance and replenish valuable wild stocks, this species has become the focus of aquaculture programmes in Indo-West Pacific countries like Indonesia and Vanuatu, and juveniles have been reintroduced or newly introduced into Tonga, Samoa and French Polynesia.