Distribution

The flies are found where their rhinoceros hosts occur. Historically that was probably across much of the savannah grasslands of sub-Saharan Africa, but presently they are restricted to the grasslands of eastern and southern Africa.

Population biology

There is no reported information on population biology but, like other obligate myiasis-causing parasites, the adult density is undoubtedly low, especially considering the threatened status of the host animals.

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