Felis silvestris grampia is a solitary and territorial cat.

Home ranges

Males have larger home ranges than females, and may overlap with more than one female. There is little overlap between home ranges of wildcats of the same sex.

Home range size varies according to prey availability in the landscape:

  • in the eastern Highlands where rabbits are numerous, male home range size is typically around 4.6km2, with female home range size at around 1.8km2
  • in the western Highlands, where rabbit densities are lower, average male home range size in winter is around 14.3km2, with females at 9km2

The cats are sedentary once a territory has been found, but kittens may travel up to 55km to establish their own territory.