Reproduction and dispersal


Very little is known about reproduction in myxozoans. Sexual organs as well as egg and sperm cells are lacking. Instead propagative multicellular spores are produced. Meiosis occurs in cells from which spores are derived in the bryozoan host.


Dispersal should occur via transport of released spores, movements of fish hosts, drifting of detached bryozoan colonies, and possibly via waterfowl that ingest bryozoan dormant stages (statoblasts) (Figuerola et al. 2003).