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Seeds of Trade

 
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Product: Tomato

Other products:  
   Tomato belongs to the category Food crops
   and originated in The Americas

 SUMMARY
 WILD RELATIVES
 ORIGINS
 EARLY USES
 TRANSFER AND SPREAD
 AGRICULTURE
 MODERN CONTEXT
  POST HARVEST


TOMATO

Solanum lycopersicum L. (Solanaceae); previously called Lycopersicon esculentum Miller.

Given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753, who used the name 'lycopersicum' (wolf-peach), first used for the tomato by Joseph Pitton de Tournefort in the early part of the 16th century.

Probably native to the dry coasts of Peru, but not known in the wild state. The Spanish brought tomatoes to Europe.

Life form: herbaceous perennial, grown as an annual in the temperate zone.

Parts used: edible fruit.

Ploidy level: diploid.

  

Specimen from the Clifford Herbarium at the Natural History Museum, London (Solanum lycopersicum L. - Tomato)