Nicotiana tabacum L. (Solanaceae).
Given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753, from cultivated specimens in European gardens. By this time, it was a commonly cultivated plant all over Europe.
Native to the Andes of South America, the Spanish brought tobacco to Europe after their conquest of the New World. Christopher Columbus encountered pipe smoking when he first landed in the West Indies.
Life form: a shrub of limited age, tobacco is now grown as an annual or
Parts used: the leaves are used as a drug in pipes or cigarettes and as a
tonic in indigenous medicine.
tetraploid (an ancient
hybrid of Nicotiana tomentosiformis Goodsp. and Nicotiana sylvestris Speg. & Comes).