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Seeds of Trade

 
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Product: Sugar cane

Other products:  
   Sugar cane belongs to the category Food additives
   and originated in South East Asia

 SUMMARY
 WILD RELATIVES
 ORIGINS
 EARLY USES
 TRANSFER AND SPREAD
 AGRICULTURE
 MODERN CONTEXT
  POST HARVEST


SUGAR CANE

Saccharum officinarum L. (Poaceae).

Given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753, who described the species using drawings of specimens of cultivated sugar cane collected by Sir Hans Sloane in Jamaica in the 1680s.

Known only from cultivation, the centre of genetic diversity is in New Guinea.

Life form: perennial grass.

Parts used: stems used for the extraction of sugar; also used as forage and as fuel.

Ploidy level: polyploid based on a basic number of 10; cultivated canes are tetraploid, octoploid or even higher ploidy levels.

  

Specimen from the Sloane Herbarium at the Natural History Museum, London (Saccharum officinarum L. - Sugar Cane)