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Seeds of Trade

 
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Product: Sugar beet

Other products:  
   Sugar beet belongs to these categories: Animal fodder, Food additives
   and originated in these regions: Eurasia, Middle East

 SUMMARY
 WILD RELATIVES
 ORIGINS
 EARLY USES
 TRANSFER AND SPREAD
 AGRICULTURE
 MODERN CONTEXT
  POST HARVEST


SUGAR BEET

Beta vulgaris L. (Chenopodiaceae).

Sugar beet was given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753. Linnaeus knew of many cultivated varieties and recognised the wild sea beet as the same species.

Native to coastal areas of Eurasia; domesticated forms only known in cultivation.

Life form: tuberous biennial.

Parts used: sugar is extracted from the tuberous root, which is also used for food and animal fodder; leaves used as food and fodder.

Ploidy level: the wild plants are diploid, but cultivated plants have undergone chromosome doubling and cultivars of many different ploidy levels exist.

  

Specimen from the Clifford Herbarium at the Natural History Museum, London (Beta vulgaris L. - Sugar Beet)