Glycine max (L.) Merr. (Fabaceae).
First given its scientific name by Elmer Merrill in 1917, who put soya into a different
genus, Glycine, from plants originally described by Carolus Linnaeus as beans (Phaseolus max L.). For his original description, Linnaeus used descriptions of plants from South-East Asia collected by the Dutch adventurer Georg Eberhard Rumphius in what is now Indonesia.
Native to China, soya has spread around the world as an important crop.
Life form: annual herb, sometimes vine-like, but usually bushy.
Parts used: edible seeds used for food and oil extraction; stems used as animal forage.