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Seeds of Trade

 
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Product: Quinine

Other products:  
   Quinine belongs to the category Important drugs
   and originated in The Americas

 SUMMARY
 WILD RELATIVES
 ORIGINS
 EARLY USES
 TRANSFER AND SPREAD
 AGRICULTURE
 MODERN CONTEXT
  POST HARVEST


QUININE

Cinchona pubescens Vahl (Rubiaceae).

Cinchona was given its scientific name by the Danish botanist Martin Vahl in 1790; Linnaeus had earlier named the genus Cinchona after the Countess of Cinchon, the wife of the Spanish Viceroy of Peru, during the mid-18th century.

Native to the Andes, from Costa Rica to Bolivia.

Life form: long-lived tree.

Part used: quinine is extracted from the bark. Quinine is a febrifuge, which means that it reduces fever by lowering the body temperature.

Ploidy level: diploid.

  

Illustration from the Plate Collection of the Botany Library at the Natural History Museum, London (Cinchona officinalis L. - Quinine)