Papaver somniferum L. (Papaveraceae).
Given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753 from plants cultivated in European gardens; the name commemorates its narcotic properties.
Native to the Mediterranean region, in Europe and North Africa.
Life form: annual herb.
Parts used: latex collected for production of opium; seeds used for oil and in cooking.
Ploidy level: most often