Arachis hypogaea L. (Fabaceae).
First given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753, from plants cultivated in Europe.
Originated in South America, probably Brazil and Peru.
perennial herb, cultivated as an annual.
Parts used: seeds used as a foodstuff for both humans and animals; husks of pods as forage.
Ploidy level: allotetraploid.