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Seeds of Trade

 
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Product: Onions

Other products:  
   Onions belong to the category Food crops
   and originated in these regions: Eurasia, South Asia

 SUMMARY
 WILD RELATIVES
 ORIGINS
 EARLY USES
 TRANSFER AND SPREAD
 AGRICULTURE
 MODERN CONTEXT
  POST HARVEST


ONIONS

Allium cepa L. (Alliaceae, segregate family from Liliaceae).

Given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753, who recognised many forms of the plant.

Unknown in the wild, the onion probably originated in western Asia.

Life form: bulbous perennial herb.

Parts used: bulbous stems and leaves eaten and used as seasoning; also used as a medicinal.

Ploidy level: diploid.

  

Illustration from the Plate Collection of the Botany Library at the Natural History Museum, London. (Allium cepa L. - Onion)