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Seeds of Trade

 
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Product: Kola

Other products:  
   Kola belongs to the category Important drugs
   and originated in Africa

 SUMMARY
 WILD RELATIVES
 ORIGINS
 EARLY USES
 TRANSFER AND SPREAD
 AGRICULTURE
 MODERN CONTEXT
  POST HARVEST


KOLA

Cola nitida (Vent.) Schott & Endl. (Sterculiaceae).

Originally given the scientific name of Sterculia nitida in 1805 by the French botanist √Čtienne Pierre Ventanet, who saw plants cultivated in the Empress Josephine's (wife of Napoleon) garden at Malmaison. The German botanists Heinrich Schott and Stephan Endlicher decided it belonged to the genus Cola in 1832.

Native to the tropical forests of West Africa, from Liberia to Ghana.

Life form: long-lived forest tree.

Parts used: seeds (termed nuts), chewed as a stimulant.

Ploidy level: diploid.

  

Specimen from the Sloane Herbarium at the Natural History Museum, London (Cola nitida (Vent.) Schott & Endl. - Kola)