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Seeds of Trade

 
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Product: Cotton

Other products:  
   Cotton belongs to the category Fibres
   and originated in these regions: Africa, South Asia, The Americas

 SUMMARY
 WILD RELATIVES
 ORIGINS
 EARLY USES
 TRANSFER AND SPREAD
 AGRICULTURE
 MODERN CONTEXT
  POST HARVEST


COTTON

Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvaceae).

Given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in his second edition of Species Plantarum in 1763; he saw plants cultivated in the Chelsea Physic Garden by Philip Miller that were said to come from the Carolinas and Mexico.

Only truly native to coastal areas of the Yucat√°n peninsula of Mexico, but spread by domestication throughout the Mesoamerican area.

Life form: perennial shrub, grown as an annual crop.

Parts used: hairs surrounding the seeds are combed and used as fibre.

Ploidy level: tetraploid of complex origin.

  

Specimen from the Clifford Herbarium at the Natural History Museum, London (Gossypium herbaceum L. - African Diploid Cotton)