Coffea arabica L. (Rubiaceae).
Given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753, the name alluding to its Arabian origins.
Native to the mountains of East Africa, the wild distribution probably centred on Ethiopia.
Life form: a long-lived shrub.
Parts used: seeds roasted and ground to make a beverage; pulp of fruit used as animal feed.
Ploidy level: allotetraploid.