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Seeds of Trade

 
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Product: Coffee

Other products:  
   Coffee belongs to these categories: Beverages, Important drugs
   and originated in Africa

 SUMMARY
 WILD RELATIVES
 ORIGINS
 EARLY USES
 TRANSFER AND SPREAD
 AGRICULTURE
 MODERN CONTEXT
  POST HARVEST


COFFEE

Coffea arabica L. (Rubiaceae).

Given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753, the name alluding to its Arabian origins.

Native to the mountains of East Africa, the wild distribution probably centred on Ethiopia.

Life form: a long-lived shrub.

Parts used: seeds roasted and ground to make a beverage; pulp of fruit used as animal feed.

Ploidy level: allotetraploid.

  

Specimen from the Clifford Herbarium at the Natural History Museum, London. (Coffea arabica L. - Coffee)