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Seeds of Trade

 
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Product: Bananas and Plantains

Other products:  
   Bananas and Plantains belong to the category Food crops
   and originated in South East Asia

 SUMMARY
 WILD RELATIVES
 ORIGINS
 EARLY USES
 TRANSFER AND SPREAD
 AGRICULTURE
 MODERN CONTEXT
  POST HARVEST


BANANAS

Musa paradisiaca L. (Musaceae).

Given its scientific name by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753, from plants cultivated in George Clifford's garden in Haarlem, the Netherlands, where Linnaeus worked between 1735 and 1737, and thought to have come from India. Linnaeus wrote a monograph dedicated solely to this plant, because it was such a novelty.

Native to South-East Asia and the Pacific.

Life form: giant herb; dies after flowering.

Parts used: edible fruit; leaves used in a variety of arts and crafts and for fodder in its native habitat.

Ploidy level: diploid, triploid and occasionally tetraploid; most cultivars are sterile triploids.

  

Specimen from the Hermann Herbarium at the Natural History Museum, London (Musa x paradisiaca L. - Banana)