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Acerb, adj. Sour

Alexipharmic, n. An antidote against poisoning.

Antepileptic, n. Used against epilepsy. Anti-epileptic in modern spelling

Batatas, n. A type of sweet potato having somewhat dry, bland, yellowish to white flesh, used as a staple food in many tropical countries. Also called boniato or camote.

Biodegradable, adj. Can be broken down by biological processes.

Bracts, n. A leaf-like part, frequently small, sometimes brightly coloured, and located below a flower or flower stalk.

Cankers, n. Ulcers.

Cassava, n. This species is not related to the food plant called cassava, Manihot esculenta.

Cauliflorous, adj. Literally translated as 'stem-flowers', flowers and inflorescences that develop from the trunks, limbs and main branches of woody plants.

Caustic, adj. Irritating or burning.

Chew sticks, n. Frayed twigs of various trees, chewed for medicinal properties or to clean teeth.

Consumptive, adj. Suffering from turberculosis.

Decoction, n. Extract made by boiling.

Dropsie, dropsy, n. Swelling from accumulation of fluid.

Fluxes, n. Fluid discharge.

Fomentations, n. Warm, wet covering applied to the body to relieve pain and inflammation. A moist medicinal compress.

Hectical, adj. Remittent fever with stages of chilliness, heat and sweat.

Herb, n. Non-woody plant.

Hydropic, adj. Having dropsy, a tissue swelling due to fluid retention.

Indians, n. 'Indians' in this context refer to the native peoples of South and Central America.

Infusion, n. A solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance, usually in water.

Poultice, n. Dressing of soft mass of heated meal or clay spread on a cloth and applied to the skin.

Pulse, n. Legume crops such as peas and beans.

Purge, vb. Get rid of usually by vomiting or diarrhoea.

Ray floret, n. In a daisy-like flower, the flat petal-like florets.

St Anthony’s fire, n. Erysipelas: a bacterial infection of the skin.

Tetters, n. Any of various skin diseases, such as eczema, psoriasis or herpes, characterized by eruptions and itching.

Topically, adj. Applied to localised area of the skin.

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