Innovative scientific techniques and fresh discoveries are adding to our knowledge on some of the most fundamental questions about humankind at an unprecedented rate. Here you can keep up to date with the most recent findings.
Accurate dating of 40 sites across Europe shows that Neanderthals and humans overlapped by as much as 5,400 years.
A treasure trove of important human fossils missing for decades has been identified among the Museum’s collections.
New research confirms the theory that modern humans and Neanderthals had a common ancestor about 500,000 years ago.
Clues to early human existence revealed during ongoing excavation of Happisburgh archaeological site.
Breeding with Neanderthals allowed our ancestors to better cope with European winters, but also passed on diseases we suffer today.
Museum study shows earlier processing of carbohydrates caused dental problems for ancient humans.
Genetic code of a Neanderthal woman reveals her parents were half-siblings.
Ancient DNA pushes the human genetic story back a further 300,000 years.
1.8-million-year-old skull shows there may have been fewer species of early human.
Evidence from tooth plaque suggests Neanderthals had a diverse diet.
As research shows European men have grown taller, Prof Chris Stringer explains why our height varies throughout history.
Some of the earliest signs of modern human culture are linked to periods where the climate changed rapidly to wetter conditions.
A 14,000-year-old engraved reindeer antler is possibly the first piece of early human art ever found.
Neanderthals' brains had less room for complex functions, which may have played a role in their demise.
Museum human origins expert Chris Stringer comments on research that re-dates the last evidence of Neanderthals in Europe.
Chris Stringer comments on the ancient human genome research.
Scientists detect microscopic volcanic glass from an ancient Italian eruption, providing clues about why the Neanderthals died out.
The world's largest known sample of fossil humans are Neanderthals, according to a study by the Museum's Chris Stringer.
Models of ice age plant and animal movements reveal clues to human evolution.
Sense of smell may have been as important as language in giving modern humans an evolutionary advantage over other human relatives.
A jawbone from Kent's Cavern has revealed that modern humans were living in northwestern Europe between 41,000 and 44,000 years ago.
Humans with primitive skull features were still living in West Africa 13,000 years ago.
A human-like species may shift the likely location of early human origins from East Africa to South Africa.
A genetic study suggests modern humans evolved in southern Africa rather than in the east.
The earliest known examples of human skull-cups have been uncovered in the UK, Natural History Museum scientists report.
A new group of ancient humans interbred with our species and left behind a genetic trace. Chris Stringer talks about the research.
A high-tech study of tooth growth lines reveals that Neanderthals had shorter childhoods and reached maturity earlier than modern humans.
Ancient human relatives used stone tools to help them eat animals more than 3 million years ago.
Ancient humans lived in Britain more than 800,000 years ago Museum scientists report.
The genetic code of the Neanderthals has been revealed for the first time, giving surprising clues to their intimate relations with modern humans.
Explore more than 650 million years of Earth's extraordinary history with our first app for iPad, NHM Evolution.
Learn about more than 800 creatures and plants, examine spectacular 360° high definition fossil images and watch specially-commissioned videos of Museum experts discussing the latest evolutionary theories.