Morello cherry

Prunus cerasus

ID check

  1. Flowers in clusters of 2–6, with hairless stalks all arising from a central point.
  2. Leaves glossy above, hairless beneath.
  3. Leaf margins with blunt or rounded teeth, often tipped with a claw-like gland.
  4. Leaf stalk hairless.
  5. Flowers in clusters, with stems arising from a central point.
  6. Flowers saucer-shaped, more than 20mm across on stalks more than 15mm long.
  7. Fruit more than 10mm long.

Description

Morello cherry flower

Morello cherry flower © Bogdan Janus, Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 License

Tree

Small, up to 6m tall.

Bark

Smooth, dull brown.

Leaves

More or less hairless, margins single- or double-toothed, the teeth ending with a purple gland. Leaf-stalk without glands near the junction with the leaf blade.

Bud scales

Large green bud-scales at the base of each flower cluster.

Flowers

Fully-open flowers are white and 20–25mm across. The sepals form a bell-shaped tube.

Ripe fruit

10–20mm long, red or black, sour-tasting.

Notes

The morello cherry occurs in the wild and is also widely cultivated for its fruit. It is sometimes called the sour cherry and is mainly used for cooking.

There are two varieties of morello cherry. The type commonly known as morello has dark-red to almost black fruit. The other variety, known as amarelle, has lighter red fruit.

Images

Morello cherry flowers

Morello cherry flowers.

© Bogdan Janus, Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 License
Morello cherry fruit

Morello cherry fruit.

© Alina Zienowicz, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Morello fruit

Morello fruit.

© Kristian Thy
Morello cherry tree

Morello cherry tree.

© Benjamin Gimmel, Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 License

Diagrams

These explain some of the important tree and plant parts mentioned on these factsheets.

Flower

Diagram of a flower showing the stigma, stamen, style, petal and sepal

Leaf parts

Diagram of a leaf showing the apex, margin, midrib, vein and stalk