Japanese mountain cherry - Prunus serrulata
Sargent’s cherry - Prunus sargentii
Oshima cherry - Prunus speciosa
Japanese cherry tree © Masahiro Nishiguchi, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Up to 15m tall but often shorter.
Hairless or downy beneath (depending on the species and variety).
White or pink, produced in great quantities. May be single, double or with numerous petals and range from 25–40mm across.
Roughly 10mm long, ovoid, purplish-black when ripe but often not produced.
Japanese cherries have been cultivated in Japan for centuries, and this group is made up of both wild forms and complex ancient hybrids. These include trees collectively known as 'sato zakura' or ‘garden’ cherries, a group of cultivars containing many of the most popular flowering cherries.
Both the spreading and fastigiate (narrowly columnar) varieties are common in the UK.
Japanese cherries are often grafted onto a stock from another species, usually the wild cherry (an abrupt change in the thickness of the trunk marks the point where the graft and stock join).
Japanese cherry bark.© Bob Press
Japanese cherry leaves.© Bob Press
Japanese cherry tree.© Masahiro Nishiguchi, Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
These explain some of the important tree and plant parts mentioned on these factsheets.