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"Pigeon of Lord Howe Island"

Artist: Raper, George
Created: [1790]
Dimensions: 48.7 x 32.2 cm
Reference: Raper Drawing - no. 72


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  • George Raper]
  • The drawing is inscribed in black ink at bottom, in the outer band of the border, "PIGEON of LORD-HOWE-ISLAND 1/3 Less Natural Size GEO:RapeR.# 1790 ~".
  • The drawing is signed "GEO:RapeR" and dated 1790.
  • The drawing is inscribed in pencil at lower left and right with the number "72", and on the reverse with the number "58".
  • The bird was first described and named on the basis of this drawing by Mathews (1915) as the Type of Raperia godmanae, now extinct. Hindwood (1964) calls it the Lord Howe Island Pigeon Janthoenas godmanae, the current name for which appears to be Columba vitiensis godmanae.
  • According to John Calaby (editor of The Hunter Sketchbook. Melbourne, National Library of Australia, 1989 p. 224) Raper did not land on Lord Howe Island, but may have seen live birds of this species which were brought to Sydney Cove in March 1788 (described by John White in his Journal published 1790 (ref. A. H. Chisholm (ed), Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales by John White. Sydney, Angus and Robertson, 1962 p.119-20)).
  • The author of this catalogue record is Suzanne Stenning.
  • By permission of the trustees of the Natural History Museum (London).
  • Two sets of transparencies held in the Natural History Museum (London) General Library and Picture Library: Picture Library order number 15172
  • Miss Eva Godman donated 1962
  • Data sheet available.
  • Mathews, G.M. 'Raperia godmanae: A new bird from Lord Howe Island, now extinct' The Austral Avian Record, Vol. 3, no. 1, 1915 (pp.21-24).
  • Hindwood, K.A. 'The Birds of Lord Howe Island', The Emu Vol. 40, Pt.1, 1940 pp.1-86.
  • Hindwood, K.A. 'George Raper: an Artist of the First Fleet', Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Australian Historical Society, Vol. 50, Pt. 1, 1964 pp.32-57.