Systematic & Applied Acarology
ISSN 1362-1971
An international journal of the Systematic and Applied Acarology Society, published since 1996


[Aims] [Editors] [Content] [Subscriptions] [Contact details] [Society Homepage]

Systematic & Applied Acarology (2007) 12, 189-193

 

Studies on the functional responses of Bdella tropica Atyeo (Acari: Bdellidae) to Xenylla longauda Folsom (Collembola: Hypogastruridae) at different temperatures

JIE JI, YANXUAN ZHANG, XIA CHEN & JIANZHEN LIN1
Institute of Plant Protection, Fujian Academy of Agriculture Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350013, China
1Corresponding author. E-mail: jianzhenlin@126.com

Abstract

Bdella tropica Atyeo (Acari: Bdellidae) is an efficient predator of the black flat springtail, Xenylla longauda Folsom (Collembola: Hypogastruridae). It preys on all life stages of the prey, except the eggs. In this paper we show the effect of temperatures on the predation efficiency of the adult female B. tropica feeding on adult females of X. longauda. Equations intended to describe the effect of five different temperatures on the functional response of B. tropica to X. longauda were derived from the data. The predation efficiency of B. tropica on X. longauda increased along with rising temperatures. The implication of these results for biological control of springtail (X. longauda) in edible fungi is discussed.

Key words: Bdella tropica Atyeo, Xenylla longauda Folsom, functional response, biological control

References

Du, X.J. (2003) The infestation and control of springtail on fungi. Journal of Hebei Agricultural Science and Technology, 5, 17.

He, J., Zhang, T., Li, Z.Y. & Zhang, H.R. (2004) The Studies on Mushroom Pests in China. Edible Fungi of China, 24(1), 2124.

Holling, C.S. (1959) Some characteristics of simple types of predation and parasitism. The Canadian Entomologist, 91, 385398.

Holling, C.S. (1963) An experimental component analysis of population process. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 32, 2232.

Hui, F.L., Chu, X.Y. & Xie, F.C. (2003) The primary diseases and pests and control in fungi. Journal of Henan Agricultural Sciences, 8, 6970.

Ireson, J.E., Holloway, R.J. & Chatterton, W.S. (2001) An overview of investigations into the use of predatory mites to control the lucerne flea, Sminthurus viridis (L.) (Collembola: Sminthuridae), in Tasmanian pastures, pp. 444452. In Halliday, R. B., Walter, D. E., Proctor, H. C., Norton, R.A. & Colloff, M.J. (Eds.), Acarology, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress. CSIRO Publishing House, pp. 1657.

Ji, J., Zhang, Y.X., Chen, X. & Lin, J.Z. (2007) Studies on the functional responses of Bdella japonicus (Ehara) (Acari: Bdellidae) to Hypogastrura communis Folsom (Collembola: Hypogastruridae). Systematic & Applied Acarology, 12, 1317.

Li, X.Y., Li, B., Yang, Y.Y., Jing, Z.Q., Qu, Y.F. & Wu, Q.H. (2000) Functional response of Amblyseius cucumeris on eggs of Tyrophagus putrescentiae. Journal of Fudan University (Natural Science), 39 (3), 334 337.

Ryoo, M.I. (1986) Studies on the basic components of the predation of Phytosriulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytosriidae). Researches on Population Ecology, 28, 1726.

Shipp, J.L., Ward, K.I. & Gillespie, T.J. (1996) Influence of temperature and vapour pressure deficit on the rate of predation by the predatory mite, Amblyseius cucumeris, on Frankliniella occidentalis. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 78, 3138.

Wallace, M.M.H. & Walters, M.C. (1974) The introduction of Bdella lapidaria (Acari: Bdellidae) from Australia into South Africa for the biological control of Sminthurus viridis (Collembola). Australian Journal of Zoology, 22 (4), 505517.

Wu, K.J., Sheng, C.F. & Gong, P.Y. (2004) Equation of predator functional response and estimation of the parameters in it. Entomological Knowledge, 41 (3), 267269.

 


Copyright Systematic and Applied Acarology Society
Last updated 28 Dec. 2007
 Natural History Museum is acknowledged for hosting these pages. Please read the Disclaimer.