An international journal of the Systematic and Applied Acarology Society, published since 1996
[Aims] [Editors] [Content] [Subscriptions] [Contact details] [Society Homepage]
Systematic & Applied Acarology(2007) 12, 311.
The distribution and dispersion ofAmblyomma triguttatum triguttatum on Yorke Peninsula, South Australia
ROSS H. ANDREWS1, TREVOR N. PETNEY1,2,4, NICOLE A. SHERMAN3, LOUISE A. MCDIARMID1 & BRUCE R. DIXON1
1School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide SA 5001, Australia
2Zoologisches Institut I, Abt. Φkologie - Parasitologie, Kornblumenstr. 13, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
3Department of Environmental Biology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide SA 5005, Australia
4Corresponding author. Tel.: +61-8-83021881; fax.: +61-8-83022389. E-mail: email@example.com
The kangaroo tick, Amblyomma triguttatum triguttatum, is a major enzootic vector of Coxiella burnetti, the agent causing Q fever, in Australia. This is a widespread tick species previously reported from Queensland, New South Wales and Western Australia. There is also a small population, probably introduced, at the foot of Yorke Peninsula in South Australia. Our aim was to determine both the broad distribution of this tick on Yorke Peninsula and the pattern of dispersion between habitats. No free living A. t. triguttatum were found outside of Innes and Warrenben national parks, although records from humans are available from up to 180 km away. Within the parks, the tick is patchily spread in at least 8 of the 15 habitats searched but is most common in the disturbed areas in and around camping sites. We suggest that the behaviour of the ticks main host, the western grey kangaroo, Macropus fuliginosus, is responsible for its dispersion pattern.
Key words: Amblyomma triguttatum triguttatum, Q fever, South Australia, distribution, dispersion
Aitken, I.D. (1989) Clinical aspects and prevention of Q fever in animals. European Journal of Epidemiology, 5, 420424.
Angas, B.M. (1998) Tick fever in the cattle tick in Australia. Information series Q197095, Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Brisbane. Department for Environment and Heritage (2003) Innes National Park Management Plan. Adelaide, South Australia.
Arnold, G.W., Steven, D.E., Weeldenburg, J.R. & Smith, E.A. (1993) Influences of remnant size, spacing pattern and connectivity on population boundaries and demography in euros Macropus robustus living in a fragmented landscape. Biological Conservation, 64, 219230.
Banks, P.B. (2001) Predation-sensitive grouping and habitat use by eastern grey kangaroos: a field experiment. Animal Behaviour, 61, 10131021.
Beaman M.H. & Hung, J. (1989) Pericarditis associated with tick-borne Q fever. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine, 19, 254256.
Browning, T.O. (1962) Distribution of the kangaroo tick Ornithodoros gurneyi in arid South Australia. Nature, 194, 162164.
Bull, C.M. & Burzacott, D. (2001) Temporal and spatial dynamics of a parapatric boundary between two Australian reptile ticks. Molecular Ecology, 10, 639648.
Chilton, N. (1994) Differences in the life cycles of two species of reptile tick: implications for species distributions. International Journal for Parasitology, 24, 78995.
Daniel, M., Vanielovα, V., Kriz, B., Jirsa, A. & Nozicka, J. (2003) Shift of the tick Ixodes ricinus and tickborne encephalitis to higher altitudes in Central Europe. European Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 22, 327328.
De Garine-Wichatitsky, M. (2000) Assessing infestation risk by vectors. Spatial and temporal distribution of African ticks at the scale of a landscape. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 916, 222232.
De Garine-Wichatitsky, M. (2002) Adult tick burdens and habitat sue of sympatric wild and domestic ungulates in a mixed ranch in Zimbabwe: no evidence of a direct relationship. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 969, 306313.
Estrada-Pena, A. (2001) Climate warming and changes in habitat suitability for Boophilus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Central America. Journal of Parasitology, 87, 978987.
Gerard, J.F. & Loisel, P. (1995) Spontaneous emergence of a relationship between habitat openness and mean group size and its possible evolutionary consequences in large herbivores. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 176, 511522.
Gilroy, N., Formica, N., Beers, M., Egan, A., Conaty, S. & Marmion, B. (2001) Abattoir associated Q fever: a Q fever outbreak during a Q fever vaccination program. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 25, 362367.
Guglielmone, A.A. & Moorhouse, D.E. (1986) Reproduction in Amblyomma triguttatum triguttatum. Acarologia, 27, 235240.
Harris, R.J., Storm, P.A., Lloyd, A., Arens, M. & Marmion, B.P. (2000) Long-term persistence of Coxiella burnetti in the host after primary Q fever. Epidemiology and Infection, 124, 543549.
Hoogstraal, H. (1985) Ticks. In: Gaafar, S.M., Howard, W.E. and Marsh, R.E. (eds.) Parasites pests and predators. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 347370.
Hutson, B., Deaker, R.A. & Newland, J. (2000) Vaccination of cattle workers at risk of Q fever on the north coast of New South Wales. Australian Family Physician, 29, 708709.
Klaus-Hugi, C., Aeschlimann, A. & Papadopoulos, B. (2002) Distribution, density and migration dynamics of Ixodes ricinus in an area of the Jura mountains of Switzerland. Parassitologia, 44, 7382.
Komiya, T., Sadamasu, K., Toriniwa, H., Kato, K., Arashima, Y., Fukushi, H., Hirai, K. & Arakawa, Y. (2003) Epidemiological survey on the route of Coxiella burnetii infection in an animal hospital. Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy, 9, 151155.
Kovacova, E. & Kazar, J. (2002) Q fever still a query and underestimated infectious disease. Acta Virologica, 46, 193210.
Langley, J.M., Marrie, T.J., Leblanc, J.C., Almudevar, A., Resch, L. & Raoult, D. (2003) Coxiella burnetii seropositivity in parturient women is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 189, 228232.
Mak, D.B., Fry, D.F. & Bulsara, M.K. (2003) Prevalence of markers of Q fever exposure in the Kimberley, Western Australia. Communications in Disease Intelligence, 27, 267271.
Maurin, M. & Raoult, D. (1999) Q fever. Clinical Microbiological Review, 12, 518553.
McAlpine, C.A., Grigg, G.C., Mott, J.J. & Sharma, P. (1999) Influence of landscape structure on kangaroo abundance in a disturbed semi-arid woodland of Queensland. Rangeland Journal, 21, 104134.
McDiarmid, L.A., Petney, T.N., Dixon, B. & Andrews, R.H. (2000) Range expansion of the tick Amblyomma triguttatum triguttatum, an Australian vector of Q fever. International Journal for Parasiology, 30, 791793.
Norbury, G.L., Norbury, D.C. & Oliver, A.J. (1994) Facultative behaviour in unpredictable environments mobility of red kangaroos in arid Western Australia. Journal of Animal Ecology, 63, 410418.
Petney, T.N., van Ark, H. & Spickett, A.M. (1990). On sampling tick populations: the problem of overdispersion. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 57, 123127.
Playford, G.. & Whitby, M. (1996) Tick-borne diseases in Australia. Australian Family Physician, 25, 18411845.
Pope, J.H., Scott, W. & Dwyer, R. (1960) Coxiella burnetti in kangaroos and kangaroo ticks in western Queensland. Australian Journal of Experimental Biology, 38, 1728.
Rand, P.W., Lubelczyk, C., Lavigne, G.R., Elias, S., Holman, M.S., Lacombe, E.H. & Smith, R.P., Jr. (2003) Deer density and the abundance of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 40, 179184.
Roberts, F.H.S. (1962) On the status of morphologically divergent tick populations of Amblyomma triguttatum Koch (Acarina: Ixodidae). Australian Journal of Zoology, 10, 367381.
Roberts, F.H.S. (1969) The larvae of Australian Ixodidae (Acarina: Ixodoidea). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 8, 3778.
Roberts, F.H.S. (1970) Australian ticks. CSIRO, Melbourne
Smyth, M. (1973) The distribution of three species of reptile ticks, Aponomma hydrosauri (Denny), Amblyomma albolimbatum Neumann, and Amb. limbatum Neumann. I. Distribution and hosts. Australian Journal of Zoology, 21, 91101.
Stafford, K.C., III. (1993) Reduced abundance of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) with exclusion of deer by electric fencing. Journal of Medical Entomology, 30, 986996.
Wilson, M.L., Ducey A.M., Litwin T.S., Gavin T.A. & Spielman A. (1990) Microgeographic distribution of immature Ixodes dammini ticks correlated with that of deer. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 4, 151159.
Copyright Systematic and Applied Acarology Society
Last updated 30 April 2007
Natural History Museum is acknowledged for hosting these pages. Please read the Disclaimer.