Acarology Discussion List 
Archieves of Mails of April 1999
Maintained by King Wan Wu & Zhi-Qiang Zhang
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From:  Serge Kreiter <>
Date:  Thu, Apr 1, 1999  7:36 AM
Subject:  Re: acarologists cooperate!

Dear All,

I totally agree with what Enrico wrote.

It is very hard to even find participants motivated to collaborate on an EC project on mites.  I am very interested in collaboration in an EC project, for example on mites in vineyards involving colleagues from eastern Europe.

At 19:32 31/03/99 +0100, you wrote:
>Dear colleagues: Dr de Lillo recently wrote to me to express the view that there is a lack of
> discussion on the Acarology list about grant supports or  way to arrange people (acarologists
> and others) in group for research projects mites. I enclsoed his message below and encourage
> you all to participate in this discussion. I feel this topic is of great importance for the
> development of acarology in the future. Thank you for your attention, Zhi-Qiang Zhang
>Date: Tue, 30 Mar 1999 15:14:20 +0200
>From: de Lillo Enrico <>
>Subject: acarologists
>X-UIDL: d63773bd7efcd98df852b0d6efdd6654
>Dear dr Zhang,
>I have never seen letters or requests on the Acarology list about grant  supports or way to
> arrange people (acarologists and others) in group for research projects.
>To have financed a reserach on mites in Italy you have to work on insects  and you have to
> include some aspects regarding acarology;  I suppose that it is more or less the same in other
> countries. It means that we have very few possibilities to get grants to work on mites!
>So, I would like to sollecitate a discussion on this topic to study the possible international and
> european financial sources for possible research group.
>I hope this subject will not be off-topic and I hope to receive your thought about it.
>Sincerely yours,
>dr Enrico de Lillo
>Istituto di Entomologia agrraia - Università Bari - Italy
>tel. +39 080 5443105
>fax +39 080 5442876
       Prof. Serge KREITER
             Campus ENSA-M / INRA
 Departement d'Ecologie et Protection des Plantes
  UFR d'Ecologie animale et de Zoologie agricole
             Unité d'Acarologie
     2, Place Pierre VIALA
   34060 MONTPELLIER cedex 01
    Tél.: 00 33 4 99 61 22 68
         23 89
    Fax : 00 33 4 67 52 15 54
  E-mail :

From:  Hartmut Koehler <>
Date:  Thu, Apr 1, 1999  9:18 AM
Subject:  acarologist's cooperation!

Dear All,

this would be too nice to believe, that the list would help, that projects may be elaborated, consolidated and successfully launched! But what else should have such a potential? So again, acarologists cooperate! We are totally underrepresented in the projects with decent funds! We are totally overrepresented in projects with no funds!

I myself am particularly interested in projects on
- modern taxonomical tools for Gamasina identification
- use of Gamasina in monitoring
- Gamasina in early successional stages, such as dunes, abandoned fields.

Although these days in Europe are no feast at all any more, Have nice Eastern Days!
PD Dr. habil. Hartmut H. Koehler, Univ. Bremen FB2, Inst. Ecol. Evol. Biol.,
Ctr. Env. Res. & Env. Technol., Leobenerstr., POB 330 440, D 28359 Bremen,
Germany, tel. x421 - 218 4179, fax x421 - 218 7654, eMail

Date:  Tue, Apr 6, 1999  9:01 AM
Subject:  Acarologist's cooperation

Dear Colleagues,
I must have informed you earlier about the newly founded African Acarology Association but, became so busy that I almost forgot to do it. To address this issue of cooperation amongst acarologists, in this case African acarologists, my colleague Charnie Craemer came up with the idea of starting a Acarology Working Group in Africa. When Dr. Prasad of IJA asked me to arrange  a conference in South Africa to celebrate the 25th birthday of the journal, we used this opportunity to organize the First African Acarology Symposium, with the idea to establish a African Acarology Working Group. As this symposium was a rather quick decision and was in the same year as the International Acarology Congress I did not even take the trouble to advertised it on the Acarologynet.  We was, however, fortunate that Enrico de Lillo (Italy), Don Griffiths (UK), Glen Needham (USA) and Dr. Prasad and his wife also attended it.
The Symposium took place in November 1998 here in Pretoria and 55 delegates attended. Most were from South Africa, however, Prof. K. El Kammah, Prof. L. Oyoun and Dr. Z. Soliman from Egypt, Drs. Sammy Kubasu , Markus Knapp and Esther Sebitosi, form Kenya and Dr. Enala Mwase from Zambia also attended it. The African Acarology Association was established during the business meeting, with Prof. P.D.Theron (Potchefstroom University ) as chairman, I am the secretary, Prof. El Kammah is the  representative of Northern Africa, Dr. Sammy Kubasu of Eastern and Central Africa and Dr. Enala Mwase  of Southern Africa. Prof. Agbede of Nigeria was nominated as representative of Western Africa afterwards and he accepted.
The next symposium will be in 2001 in either Cairo, Egypt or Nairobi, Kenya
The representatives are devoting themselves ardently to this cause which is encouraging and we hope that this may eventually also lead to cooperation with acarologists in the rest of the world.
Kind regards
Eddie A. Ueckermann

From:  <>
Date:  Fri, Apr 9, 1999  7:38 AM
Subject:  cooperation; reply from de Lillo Enrico

From Thu Apr 08 16:25:12 1999
Date: Thu, 8 Apr 1999 16:21:31 +0200
From: de Lillo Enrico <>
Subject: cooperation

Dear all,
I would like to thank all people that have answered to my letter. It means that this aspect is really relevant in our daily research activity.

Of course the news from dr Swift about the Hawaiian museum and the recent review on the acarological position in the USA comunicated at the last International Congress of Acarology in Canberra don't give a lot of hope.

Dr Zhang was rigth when he wrote "I feel grant support for research is of great importance for the development of Acarology in the future".

And I agree with dr Thind from UK when he wrote that "the buzz word in EC is collaboration".

But it's true that "acarologists are totally underepresented in the projects with decent funds! and they are totally overrepresented in projects with no funds!" as dr. Koehler, from Germany, pointed out.

I'm glad to read that several researchers in Europe (dr Kreiter from=46rance, dr Thind from UK, dr Koehler from Germany) and from other countries (dr Ueckermann from South Africa, dr Vargas from Chile, dr Mendiola from Cuba) are interested in collaborations.

I have some more questions.

1- why research on mites are so little supported and what we can do?

2- is there a list of supported research on mites at least in Europe?

3- which acarologist of the list has received a research supported by UE?

4- which acarologist of the list has experience with UE projects?

5- which other public administrations could support a research project on mites?

6- which acarologist of the list has experience with other public administrations?

7- which private institutions could support a research project on mites?

8- which acarologist of the list has experience with private institutions?

9- could acarological associations have an important role (and what) in this research of joint projects?

I think that the answers to the previous questions (some are really overemphasized) could be a first step to find how is possible to go ahead in our idea. I mean that dr Koehel was right "it would be too nice to believe that the list would help, that the projects may be elaborated, consolidated and succesfully launched!" And the list is a very cheap way to have contact for all of us and I think that we have to utilize this tool. Moreover I suppose that all of us will be glad to share the own competence and experience in a collaboration.

So I would like to sollecitate a bit more the discussion on this topic and probably the people that "are in the same boat" could find a common boat to work together.

My best wishes,

dr Enrico de Lillo
Istituto di Entomologia agraria - Universit=E0 Bari - Italy
tel. +39 080 5443105
fax +39 080 5442876

From:  Leo van der Geest <>
Date:  Fri, Apr 9, 1999  8:23 AM
Subject:  Experimental and Applied Acarology

Dear Colleagues,

This message is to inform you that the Journal Experimental and Applied Acarology is now published by Kluwer Academic Publishers in Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Formerly, the journal was published by Chapman & Hall, but this publisher has now been taken over by Kluwer. For the journal, this transition will cause only minor changes. You may have noticed that there was a small delay in the publication schedule since January 1999. I can inform you that the February and March issues have now been published and that the publication is almost back to schedule again. The number of pages has been increased to 94 per issue (was 64 pages). In this way, we can ensure rapid publication of your manuscripts.

Manuscripts should be send in four-fold to the editors: tick related manuscripts should be sent to Dr. Frans Jongejan, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, P.O. Box 80.165, 3508 TD Utrecht, The Netherlands, e-mail:

All other manuscripts should be sent to Drs L.P.S. van der Geest and/or Jan Bruin. Section Population Biology, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 320, 1098 SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands. E-mail addresses:, and

Yours sincerely,

Leo van der Geest
editor Experimental and Applied Acarology

Leo van der Geest
Section Population Biology
University of Amsterdam
Kruislaan 320
1098 SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Tel.: +31 20 525 7740
Fax: +31 20 5257754
Visit our homepage at:

From:  Hartmut Koehler <>
Date:  Thu, Apr 8, 1999  9:10 AM
Subject:  Proc. Mite Symposium 1997 Grlitz

Dear Colleagues,
some of the papers presented at the german-speaking Acarologists' Meeting at G=F6rlitz, Germany, Oct. 1997, have been published in: Abh. Ber. Naturkundemuseum G=F6rlitz 70,2 (1998): 175-208.=20

The next meeting of this group will be this fall at Bremen University, Germany. Info on the Acarology homepage or under the link :=20

The aim of these meetings is to provide an open forum for discussions and workshops of all kinds of acarological problems, to foster  the exchange of information, and to support personal contacts on a more regional scope, i.e., between the german speaking acarologists. =09 PD Dr. habil. Hartmut H. Koehler, Univ. Bremen FB2, Inst. Ecol. Evol. Biol., Ctr. Env. Res. & Env. Technol., Leobenerstr., POB 330 440, D 28359 Bremen, Germany, tel. x421 - 218 4179, fax x421 - 218 7654, eMail

From:  Helena Nordenfors <>
Date:  Tue, Apr 13, 1999  4:37 AM
Subject:  biopesticide

Dear Colleagues:

A couple of years agoI got in contact with Dr. Stephen Martin (USA), through this list. He had developed a bacteria that secreted a large amount of chitinases, and it should thereby work as a biopesticide on athropods. Now I have lost contact; the e-mail address I have got seems to be wrong. I would appreciate if anyone, that have the address to Dr. Stephen Martin, could send it to me.

Additionally, I will take the opportunity to advertise for anyone else who knows anything about biopesticedes on mites, particularly chicken- or poultry mites. I work on the poultry red mite on layers in Sweden and I want to test a biopesticide in a poultry house during egg production, but I
do not know where I can get any biopesticide. Please help me in this matter!

Thank you in advance...


Helena Nordenfors, MSc in Biology,
Research Scientist/PhD student in Parasitology

Dept of Parasitology
National Veterinary Institute
P.O. Box 7073
750 07 Uppsala

phone: +46 18 67 41 34
fax: +46 18 30 91 62

From:  <>
Date:  Tue, Apr 13, 1999  9:10 AM
Subject:  supralittoral mites; posted by

*****Please reply to********
*****Please do not reply to********

Date: Sun, 11 Apr 1999 17:40:52 -0400
From: "Matthew R. Lee" <>
To: "" <>
Subject: supralittoral mites

Dear Acarologists,
    I am a meiobenthologist currently working in Chile and I'm looking for some advice.  As you'd expect the mites that I encounter most are Halacaridae and as such I'm well supplied with information on them from my meiofaunal references. However, what I'm missing is information concerning the other mite families that I encounter when I collect samples in the supralittoral zone of the sandy beaches I work on .  So I'm looking for two types of reference, 1. keys to help me determine which families I'm looking at and 2. general papers on mite ecology in the supralittoral (strandline) dune systems. If you happen to be the author of a paper that fits into one of these types and you still have reprints a copy would be greatly appreciated.
Matthew R. Lee

Estacion Costera de Investigaciones Marina (ECIM)
Dept. Ecologia
P.U. Catolica de Chile
Casilla 114-D

*****Please reply to********
*****Please do not reply to********

From:  Serge Kreiter <>
Date:  Fri, Apr 16, 1999 12:11 PM
Subject:  E-mail address

Dear Acarologists,

I am looking for the E-mail address of Professor Montserrat Portus from Barcelona (Spain).
Does anyone can help me to find this address ?
Thanking you in advance !

       Prof. Serge KREITER
             Campus ENSA-M / INRA
 Departement d'Ecologie et Protection des Plantes
  UFR d'Ecologie animale et de Zoologie agricole
             Unité d'Acarologie
    2, Place Pierre VIALA
  34060 MONTPELLIER cedex 01
    Tél.: 00 33 4 99 61 22 68
          23 89
    Fax : 00 33 4 67 52 15 54
  E-mail :

From:  "HINOMOTO, Norihide" <>
To: acarology <>
Date:  Tue, Apr 20, 1999 12:23 AM
Subject:  International Symposium in Kyoto

Dear Colleagues,

 Latest version of the 4th International Symposium on Population Dynamics of Plant-Inhabiting   Mites (Kyoto, Japan, May 10-14, 1999) were released.



      May 10 (Monday)
      15:00 - 18:00Registration desk opens
      18:00 - 20:00Get-together-party
      May 11 (Tuesday)
      9:00         Opening of the Symposium
      9:15 - 16:40 Section A. Biological Control and IPM
      16:40 - 18:00Poster viewing
      May 12 (Wednesday)
      9:00 - 15:15 Section B. Behavior and Plant-Herbivore-Predator Interaction
      15:30 - 18:00Poster viewing
      May 13 (Thursday)
      9:00 - 12:10 Section C. Genetic Systems and Molecular Biology
      13:30 - 16:50Section D. Acarology in Asia
      18.00        Symposium dinner
      May 14 (Friday)
      9:00 -12:30  Section E. Life History Evolution
      12:30 -12:35 Closing of the Symposium

ORAL PRESENTATION: The length of presentations will be 35 minutes for invited speakers, and 20-30 minutes for other speakers, including time for discussion. The time limit is subjected to changes by the section organizers. The presentation room is supplied with a slide projector with carousels for 35 mm and an overhead projector. Powerpoint / Data Projection is not available. If you need a video, please let us know by Apr. 20. Slides for all the presentations should be submitted to the registration desk 30 minutes before your talk.

POSTER PRESENTATION: The posters will be on display on May 11-13. A poster session will be held on May 11 (16: 40 -18: 00) and May 12 (15:30 - 18: 00). The maximum size for posters is 2.1 m high and 0.9 m wide. Mounting equipment should be obtained at the registration desk.


May 11 (Tuesday)
     09.00-09.15 Opening remark (Takafuji, A.)
     Section A. Biological Control and IPM
     09.15-09.20 Session opening remark (Amano, H.)
 A01.09.20-09.55 Croft, B. A. and Luh, H. -K.
            Classifying life styles of phytoseiid mites for use in IPM and biological control
 A02.09.55-10.30 Shih, C.-T.
            Automation of mass rearing for predaceous mites
     10.30-10.45 Tea Break
 A03.10.45-11.15 Amano, H.
            Microhabitat for phytoseiid mites on Japanese pear trees -from domatia to Phyto trap-
 A04.11.15-11.35 Sato, M. E., Miyata, A. and Kawai, A.
Mechanisms of methidathion resistence in Amblyseius womersleyi Shicha (Acari: Phytoseiidae)
 A05.11.35-11.55 Mochizuki, M.
Selection of synthetic-pyrethroids-resistant strains of Amblyseius womersleyi Shicha (Acari: Phytoseiidae) by repeated insecticide application in small tea fields and implications for tea pest management
     11.55-13.10 Lunch
 A06.13.10-13.30 Wang, C.-J. and Shih, C.-T.
Temperature dependent functional responses of predatory mite Amblyseius ovalis (Evans) on prey Tetranychus urticae Koch
 A07.13.30-13.50 Bruin, J., Drukker, B., Jacobs, G. and Sabelis, M.W.
Biological control of spider mites in a greenhouse tomato crop - Problems that P. persimilis has to solve
 A08.13.50-14.20 Nemoto, H.
            Pest management for strawberries in Japanese greenhouses
 A09.14.20-14.40 Raworth, D.
Biological control of twospotted spider mites in British Columbia, Canada: solutions and problems
 A10.14.40-15.00 Shibao, M. and Tanaka, H.
Seasonal fluctuation in the population density of the ficus mottle mite, Aceria ficus Cotte and control of the mite by acaricides and fungicides on the common fig, Ficus carica L
     15.00-15.20 Tea Break
 A11.15.20-15.40 Okabe, K.
Mushroom pest mites and typical damages by them in Japanese commercial mushroom  production
 A12.15.40-16.00 Nomikou, M., Janssen, A., Schraag, R. and Sabelis, M.W.
Evaluating phytoseiids as biological control agents of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci
  A13.16.00-16.20 Mansour, F., Edelstein, M., Abo-Moch, F. and Karchi, Z
Antibiosis of grafted and non-grafted cucurbit cultivars to the Carmine spider mite,  Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Acari: Tetranychidae)
 A14.16.20-16.40 Haq, M. A. and Sumangala, K.
            Acarine regulators of waterhyacinth
     16:45-18:00 Poster Viewing

May 12 (Wednesday)
     Section B. Behavior and Plant-Herbivore-Predator Interactions
     09.00-09.05 Session opening remark (Takabayashi, J.)
 B01.09.05-09.40 Sabelis, M. W.
            Evolution of resource exploitation and mutualism in tritrophic interactions
 B02.09.40-10.15 Janssen, A., Pallini, A., Venzon, M. and Sabelis, M.A.
            Behavior and indirect interactions in food webs of plant-inhabiting arthropods
     10.15-10.30 Tea Break
 B03.10.30-10.50 Venzon, M., Janssen, A. and Sabelis, M.W.
            Interactions mediated by a generalist predator in an arthropod food web
 B04.10.50-11.10 Schausberger, P. and Croft, B.A.
Intra- and interspecific predation among phytoseiid mites: does feeding specialization matter?
 B05.11.10-11.30 Lesna, I. and Sabelis, M.W.
Genetic polymorphism in prey preference at a small spatial scale: a case study of soil predatory mites (Hypoaspis aculeifer) and two species of astigmatic mites as prey
 B06.11.30-11.50 Lesna, I. and Sabelis, M.W.
Prey preference, mate choice and associated reproductive success of the soil predatory mite, Hypoaspis  aculeifer: genetic polymorphism maintained by heterzygote advantage and disassortative mating
     11.50-13.05 Lunch
 B07.13.05-13.25 Takabayashi, J., shimoda, T. and Dicke, M.
Tritrophic interactions consisting of tomato plants, spider mites and predatory mites
 B08.13.25-03.45 Shimoda, T., Takabayshi, J., Ashihara, W., Takahashi, H. and Takafuji, A.
Responses of insect predators of spider mites toward herbivore-induced plant volatiles under laboratory and field conditions
 B09.13.45-14.05 Nachman, G. and Zemek, R.
Emigration responses of Tetranychus urticae and Phytoseiulus persimilis to local conditions: Effects at the local and the regional scale
 B10.14:05-14.25 Pels, B. and Sabelis, M. A.
Do herbivore-induced plant volatiles influence local dynamics of predatory mites and spider mites?
 B11.14.25-14.55 Yasui, Y.
Sperm competition and mate choice in predator mites, Macrocheles muscaedomesticae (Gamasida: Macrochelidae) and Parasitus fimetorum (Gamasida: Parasitidae)
 B12.14.55-15.15 Saito, Y.
Social evolution and kin selection in spider mites
      15.15-15.30 Tea Break
     15.30-18.00 Poster viewing

May 13 (Thursday)
     Section C. Genetic Systems and Molecular Biology
     09.00-09.05 Session opening remark (Osakabe, Mh.)
 C01.09.05-09.40 Navajas, M. and Rerrot-Minnot, M.-J.
What genetic divergence and reproductive compatibility tell us about the cohesion of a species: a case study in Tetranychus urticae Koch
 C02.9.40-10.15  Hoy, M. A.
Transgenic phytoseiids for pest management programs
     10.15-10.30 Tea Break
 C03.10.30-11.00 Osakabe, Mh., Toda, S. and Goka, K.
Variation of a microsatellite gene in Japanese Panonychus citri population (Acari: Tetranychidae)
 C04.11.00-11.30 Goka, K.
Host plant characteristics and acaricide resistance in the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch
 C05.11.30-11.50 Hinomoto, N. and Takafuji, A.
Genetic diversity in Kanzawa spider mites in Japan detected by DNA sequence analysis
 C06.11.50-12.10 Saito, Y., Sahara, K. and Mori, K.
Inbreeding depression on female fecundity by recessive deleterious genes in a haplo-diploid mite
     12.10-13.30 Lunch
     Section D. Acarology in Asia
     13.30-13.35 Session opening remark (Takafuji, A.)
 D01.13.35-14.10 Zhang, Y.-X., Zhang, Z.-Q., Lin, J.-Z. and Liu, Q.Y.
Biology and population dynamics of mites on bamboo in Fujian, China
 D02.14.10-14.45 Ho, C.-C.
Spider mite problems and their control in Taiwan
     14.45-15.05 Tea Break
 D03.15.05-15.40 Kongchuensin, M. and Charanasri, V.
Mites injurious to agricultural crops of economic importance in Thailand
 D04.15.40-16.10 Takafuji, A. and Nemoto, H.
Spider mites in Japan: their ecology and control
 D05.16.10-16.30 Wu, H.-H.
The distribution of allergic house dust mites in Taiwan
 D06.16.30-16.50 Haq, M. A.
Outbreak of coconut mite in Kerala

May 14 (Friday)
     Section E. Life History Evolution
     09.00-09.05 Session opening remark (Gotoh, T.)
  E01.09.05-09.40 Margolies, D.C.
A three-pronged approach to life history evolution in spider mites
 E02.09.40-10.15 Ridsdill-Smith, J.
Evolutionary trends in feeding life styles of Halotydeus destructor (Penthaleidae: Acarina), the redlegged earth mite
     10.15-10.30 Tea Break
 E03.10.30-11.00 Gotoh, T.
Population dynamics of Tetranychus kanzawai on hydrangea
 E04.11.00-11.30 Yano, S., Takabayashi, J. and Takafuji, A.
Ecological and evolutionary factors determining the host plant range of spider mites
 E05.11.30-11.50 Luh, H.-K. and Croft, B.A.
Choosing the optimal number of life-style types in the classification of a generalist-specialist predator group.
 E06.11.50-12.10 Jung, C., Schausberger, P. and Croft, B.A.
Aerial dispersal of phytoseiid mites (Acari:Phyotoseiidae): Influence of falling speed, body size, setal length, and body weight
 E07.12.10-12.30 Sumangala, K. and Haq, M. A.
Distribution and relative abundance of Varroa jacobsoni on Apis cerana in Kerala
     12.30-12.35 Closing remark (A. Takafuji)


 P01.Bonato, O., Santarosa, P.L., Ribeiro, G. and Lucchini, F.
Growth and development of Tetranychus ogmophallos Ferreira & Flechtmann (Acari: Tetranychidae) on three different leguminous
 P02.Chittenden, A. R.
     The significance of non-feeding and feeding larvae in phytoseiid mites
 P03.Enami, Y. Shiraishi, H., Shimano, S., Okano, Y. and Nakamura, Y.
Influence of Scheloribates azumaensis (Acari: Oribatei) in several anatomosis groups of  Rhizoctonia solani
 P04.Goka, K.
Mode of inheritance of resistance to four new acaricides in the two-spotted spider mite,  Tetranychus urticae Koch
 P05.Gotoh, T.
A Japanese population of the two-spotted spider mite is infected with a neutral strain of Wolbachia
 P06.Hondo, M., Tanaka, N., Tokuda, Y. and Nishimoto, K.
Leaf-mite control by starch formulations
 P07.Hulshof, J. and Jurchenko, O.
Pollen as an alternative food source for Orius laevigatus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae): a behavioral study
 P08.Inoue, M.
     The management of spider mites, with a special emphasis on the cultural practices of growers
 P09.Kishimoto, H.
     Egg predation and population dynamics of Panonychus citri on pear
 P10.Kitashima, Y.
     Population dynamics of Panonychus osmanthi Ehara et Gotoh on Osmanthus spp.
 P11.Kondo, A. and Hiramatsu, T.
Resurgence of the peach silver mite, Aculus fockeui (Nalepa and Trouessart) (Acari: Eriophyidae) induced by a synthetic pyrethroid
 P12.Kunimoto, Y. and Inda, K.
     Chemical control of two-spotted spider mites on chrysanthemum
 P13.Kunugi, Y., Asari, S., Miyashita, K. Terai, Y. and Shinkai, A.
Transmission of grapevine berry inner necrosis virus by the grape erineum mite, Colomerus vitis in Yamanashi
 P14.Liu, Q. and Zhang, Y.
    Preliminary studies on the influence of the Aponychus corpuzae harm on the physiology and biochemistry of Phyllostachys pubescens
 P15.Maeda, T., Takabayashi, J., Yano, S. and Takafuji, A.
Daily periodicity in the production of Tetranychus urticae-induced kidney bean leaf volatiles, and responses of T. urticae and its predator Amblyseius womersleyi
 P16.Mori, K. and Saito, Y.
Nesting pattern and defensive behavior in the Schizotetranychus celarius species complex (Acari: Tetranychidae)
 P17.Morishita, M.
Interplant movement of the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch and the Kanzawa spider mite, T. kanzawai Kishida (Acari:Tetranychidae) in fields of watermelon-pea cropping system
 P18.Nakashima, Y. and Teshiba, M.
    Flexible use of patch marks in the insect predator Orius sauteri (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae): effects of sex, physiological state and patch quality
 P19.Ozawa, A.
    Biological control of Thrips palmi Karny by Amblyseius cucumeris Oudeman on melon in greenhouses
 P20.Ozawa, R., Arimura, G., Takabayashi, J., Shimoda, T., Takafuji, A. and Nishioka, T.
     Emission of volatiles and expression of defense genes induced by two-spotted spider mite and two elicitors, jasmonic acid and methyl salicylate, in Lima bean
 P21.Satoh, Y., Takafuji, A., Yano, S. and Goka, K.
Reproductive isolation between two forms of two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, with special emphasis on sperm displacement
 P22.Shimano, S., Shiraishi, H., Enami, Y. and Harada, H.
     The oribatid mite community structure in three neighboring forests within a 2500 m2 area
 P23.Shiojiri, K., Takabayashi, J., Yano, S. and Takafuji, A.
     Presence of non-host species affects performance of host species and their parasitoids in tritrophic context
P24.Su, J.-C. and Shih, C.-T.
     Automation of mass rearing for Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari:
 P25.Takahashi, F. and Chant, D.A.
     Phylogeny and adaptive strategies in the genus Phytoseiulus (Acari: Phytoseiidae)
 P26.Takahashi, H., Takafuji, A., Takabayashi, J., Yano, S. and Shimoda, T.
     Responses of specialist and generalist insect predators to plant odours induced by spider mites in Japanese pear orchards
 P27.Toda, S., Osakabe, Mh. and Komazaki, S.
    Inter and intra-specific variation in sequences of mitochondrial and ribosomal DNA of Panonychus mites in Japan
 P28.Toyoshima, S., Nakamura, M., Nagahama, Y. and Amano, H.
    Process of egg formation in the female cavity and fertilization in male eggs of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae)
 P29.Tunoda, T. and Mori, K.
     Community structure of hard ticks of the genus Haemaphysalis on plants
 P30.Zhang, Y.-X., Zhang, Z.-Q., Zhang, J.-Z. and Liu, Q.-Y.
     Description of mites from bamboo of Fujian province (I)
 Norihide HINOMOTO
 Laboratory of Natural Enemy Breeding
 National Institute of Sericultural and Entomological Science

From:  "Lic. Judith Mendiola" <>
To: "''" <>
Date:  Tue, Apr 20, 1999  4:57 PM
Subject:  Looking for a partner

Dear all: I was thinking about the last mail of Dr Enrico De Lillo to the list related to cooperation between us and I would also ask to every body if you know fellowship programmes for  obtaining Doctoral degree with a work in Acarology, specially in ticks. If someone is willing to receive a PhD student in his or her lab, a MsC obtained in Basic Biochemistry applied  to  tick biochemistry, metabolism and general biology is prepared, and , please ,let me know at this e-mail: More information is available and the program which would be proposed could be accomplished at distance. Sincerely yours, Judith Mendiola, Tropical Medicine Institute Pedro Kourí, Cuba.

From:  "ZQ Zhang" <>
Date:  Wed, Apr 21, 1999 10:37 PM
Subject:  Question from "Dershem, Beth" <>

***Please reply to***

From: "Dershem, Beth" <>
To: "''" <>
Subject: Question.....
Date: Wed, 21 Apr 1999 21:44:46 -0400

I have looked and looked.....cannot find any good information.

What diseases does the American Dog Tick carry vs. the deer tick. I am happy to research the information myself  if I can be lead to the right references.
Thank you!


Get Your Private, Free Email at

From:  Diana Sammataro <>
Date:  Thu, Apr 22, 1999  3:13 AM
Subject:  APOIDEA: Specimens in alcohol

>MIME-Version:  1.0
>Precedence: Bulk
>Date:           Wed, 21 Apr 1999 15:18:18 EDT
>From: "Gard Otis" <>
>To: Multiple recipients of Apoidea <>
>Subject:  APOIDEA: Specimens in alcohol
>    I have recently learned that alcohol (e.g., 70%) is considered "hazardous goods."  In Canada, the
>post office WILL NOT accept alcohol, or specimens stored in alcohol.  In trying to ship some bee
>specimens to South Africa, I have been in contact with DHL courier.  They must pack the small
>bottles in a canister and it has to be labelled hazardous goods.  This shipment, approximately 60
>small bottles  weighing 5 kg, is  estimated to cost  US $430 to send!   (We are awaiting news on
>whether we can get a "deal."
>    Some people, myself included, have sort of known this but have chosen to package items carefully
> so that there can be no leakage (e.g., to ignore the regulations).  A colleague of mine here had
>a box packed to the gills with samples; it was x-rayed by the post office, who then sent it back to
>him. They wanted to hit him with a $25,000 fine, even though there was no leakage!   By playing
>ignorant he was able to avoid the fine.  But this situation is gradually tightening up, not loosening.
>    This is a real problem for people who work with specimens stored in alcohol (not just bees).  In
>theory, when I go overseas and collect specimens, I cannot even bring them back in my luggage
>(although I have been doing so  and so far have  not been stopped, even within North America).
>Once, in Malaysia, I called  ahead and was  told to just show up early and they would handle the
>specimens and they would travel on my flight.  I did that, and they then said they  needed a whole
>day to fill out paperwork, and that the specimens  would have to be sent as "hazardous goods" on
> the next flight at big cost. I was able to cajole and coerce the airline so that they eventually allowed
> me to hand carry the specimens on the plane, but with the  promise that I would check them every
>couple of hours!  I was lucky.
>     What solution (no pun intended) is there to this situation?  Our  specimens are small.  Imagine
> malaise trap or pan trap samples from a major study!  Or lizard or frog samples that take up more
>volume. What are people doing about this when sharing samples?
>                                       Gard Otis
>                                       Environmental Biology
>                                       University of Guelph
>                                       Guelph, Ontario  N1G 2W1
>                                       Canada

From:  "Barry M. OConnor" <>
To: Diana Sammataro <>
Date:  Thu, Apr 22, 1999  9:54 AM
Subject:  Re: APOIDEA: Specimens in alcohol

At 8:13 AM +0100 4/22/1999, Diana Sammataro wrote:
>>    I have recently learned that alcohol (e.g., 70%) is considered "hazardous goods."  ...
>>     What solution (no pun intended) is there to this situation?  Our  specimens are small.  Imagine
>> malaise trap or pan trap samples from a major study!  Or lizard or frog samples that take up more
>> volume.  What are people doing about this when sharing samples?

Having carried/shipped/sent both vertebrate and arthropod specimens across international boundaries, the vertebrate method seems to work best.  We just dump out the alcohol, wrap the specimen in cheesecloth and seal it up in several layers of heavy plastic bags.  The specimens remain moist and are placed back into fluid upon arrival.  For insects, I suppose one could do something similar (omitting the cheesecloth) so there was no "standing alcohol" in the vials.  This could become very difficult for mites.  If the authorities are going to be concerned with "any" amount of alcohol, we're in trouble.
We've also brought back specimens frozen in liquid nitrogen. Again, most of the N2 was poured off prior to shipping.  The only problem we encountered there was that customs agents in one European country thought our tank was a bomb and were going to blow it up.  Fortunately, the problem was discovered in time and the specimens weren't ruined.

Barry M. OConnor                phone: (734) 763-4354
Museum of Zoology               FAX: (734) 763-4080
University of Michigan          e-mail:
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1079  USA

From:  <>
Date:  Thu, Apr 22, 1999  6:44 PM
Subject:  Specimens in alcohol

Dear all,

The rules covering the shipping of alcohol are described in the International Air Traffic Authority Dangerous Goods Regulations. This is a complex document, but if you are persistent you can find the necessary information. Small quantities of ethanol can be shipped by air, provided they are packed correctly. The IATA regulations give detailed instructions on how to do this.

Bruce Halliday

Dr. R. B. Halliday
CSIRO Division of Entomology
GPO Box 1700
Canberra ACT 2601


Telephone (02) 6246 4085   International 61-2-6246 4085
Fax (02) 6246 4000  International 61-2-6246 4000

From:  Clive <>
To: "Acarology" <>
Date:  Sun, Apr 25, 1999  2:48 PM
Subject:  Solution for specimens in alcohol

Dear All,

Not wishing to be funny, but I use in an emergency when travelling abroad, gin or vodka to pickle mite specimens in. This cannot be classed as hazardous, since I also carry a labelled bottle of the same liquor with me...which can be drunk in front of officials and added to the tubes of specimens as proof of safety if necesssary. As far as I am aware all aircraft carry such hard liquor and could hardly object to small amounts more in hand luggage with specimens.

As an addendum, some years ago I was openly carrying a dissecting kit of  surgical instruments with me from Eurpoe to USA. It passed through all the X-ray machines happily in my hands, but the air crew of the airline would not take them on board but confiscated them as dangerous weapons and kept them under lock and key. I had to sign for them to collect them on arrival in the USA...I think they thought I was hoping to hijack the plane with a pair of scissors or a scalpel !!

Clive Bowman

Clive Bowman

tel: +44-1628 632321 fax: +44-870 0557753 email:

Der Welten Kleines auch ist wunderbar und gross, Und aus dem Kleinen bauen sich die Welten.

From:  "Lic. Judith Mendiola" <>
To: "''" <>
Date:  Mon, Apr 26, 1999 11:45 AM

Dear All working with ticks:I am disturbing you again because of searching of informations that are not available for us. The first one is related to haemocytes; are they only present in hemolymph or can they visit other tick organs or tissues? Which enzymes have been described in haemocytes, for example, while studying ultrastructure and cytochemical characterization ? Defense responses are studied in hemolymph but digestive system is not contributing to these?, for example, when receiving pathogens in the host blood? What is known about phagocytic cells in midgut?
I would greatly appreciate your cooperation, any information, please send to this e-mail:
Thanking your kind attention,
Lic. Hilda Hernández.
Tropical Medicine Institute
Pedro Kourí
Ciudad Habana, Cuba

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