International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature
 INTERNATIONAL CODE OF ZOOLOGICAL NOMENCLATURE online

Contents

Title pages

Explanatory Note on the Code

Preface to the Fourth Edition

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Introduction

Preamble

show Chapter 1 sections

Chapter 1: Zoological nomenclature

show Chapter 2 sections

Chapter 2: The number of words in the scientific names of animals

show Chapter 3 sections

Chapter 3: Criteria of publication

Chapter 4: Criteria of availability

  

Article 10. Provisions conferring availability

  

  

10.1. General conditions to be met

  

  

10.2. Availability of infrasubspecific names

  

  

10.3. Availability of names proposed for collective groups and ichnotaxa

  

  

10.4. Availability of names for divisions of genera

  

  

10.5. Availability of names of taxa later but not at first classified as animals

  

  

10.6. Effect of invalidity upon availability

  

  

10.7. Availability of names not listed in a relevant adopted Part of the List of Available Names in Zoology

  

Article 11. Requirements

  

  

11.1. Publication

  

  

11.2. Mandatory use of Latin alphabet

  

  

11.3. Derivation

  

  

11.4. Consistent application of binominal nomenclature

  

  

11.5. Names to be used as valid when proposed

  

  

11.6. Publication as a synonym

  

  

11.7. Family-group names

  

  

11.8. Genus-group names

  

  

11.9. Species-group names

  

  

11.10. Deliberate employment of misidentifications

  

Article 12. Names published before 1931

  

  

12.1. Requirements

  

  

12.2. Indications

  

  

12.3. Exclusions

  

Article 13. Names published after 1930

  

  

13.1. Requirements

  

  

13.2. Family-group names

  

  

13.3. Genus-group names

  

  

13.4. Combined description of new genus-group taxon and new species.

  

  

13.5. Combined description of new family-group taxon and new genus.

  

  

13.6. Exclusions

  

Article 14. Anonymous authorship of names and nomenclatural acts

  

Article 15. Names and nomenclatural acts published after 1960

  

  

15.1. Conditional proposal

  

  

15.2. Names published after 1960 with the term "variety" or "form" excluded

  

Article 16. Names published after 1999

  

  

16.1. All names: intention of authors to establish new nominal taxa to be explicit.

  

  

16.2. Family-group names: type genus to be cited

  

  

16.3. Genus-group names: ichnotaxa and collective groups

  

  

16.4. Species-group names: fixation of name-bearing types to be explicit

  

Article 17. Names found to denote more than one taxon, or taxa of hybrid origin, or based on parts or stages of animals or on unusual specimens

  

Article 18. Inappropriate and tautonymous names.

  

Article 19. Status of emendations, incorrect spellings, and mandatory changes

  

  

19.1. Unjustified emendations and incorrect spellings

  

  

19.2. Justified emendations

  

  

19.3. Multiple original spellings

  

  

19.4. Mandatory changes

  

Article 20. Genus-group names ending in -ites, -ytes, or -ithes given to fossils

show Chapter 5 sections

Chapter 5: Date of publication

show Chapter 6 sections

Chapter 6: Validity of names and nomenclatural acts

show Chapter 7 sections

Chapter 7: Formation and treatment of names

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Chapter 8: Family-group nominal taxa and their names

show Chapter 9 sections

Chapter 9: Genus-group nominal taxa and their names

show Chapter 10 sections

Chapter 10: Species-group nominal taxa and their names

show Chapter 11 sections

Chapter 11: Authorship

show Chapter 12 sections

Chapter 12: Homonymy

show Chapter 13 sections

Chapter 13: The type concept in nomenclature

show Chapter 14 sections

Chapter 14: Types in the family group

show Chapter 15 sections

Chapter 15: Types in the genus group

show Chapter 16 sections

Chapter 16: Types in the species group

show Chapter 17 sections

Chapter 17: The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature

show Chapter 18 sections

Chapter 18: Regulations governing this code

Glossary

Summary

Appendices

Appendix A: Code of Ethics

Appendix B: General Recommendations

Constitution of the ICZN

Index

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