Contents

Title pages

Explanatory Note on the Code

Preface to the Fourth Edition

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Introduction

Preamble

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Chapter 1: Zoological nomenclature

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Chapter 2: The number of words in the scientific names of animals

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Chapter 3: Criteria of publication

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Chapter 4: Criteria of availability

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Chapter 5: Date of publication

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Chapter 6: Validity of names and nomenclatural acts

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Chapter 7: Formation and treatment of names

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Chapter 8: Family-group nominal taxa and their names

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Chapter 9: Genus-group nominal taxa and their names

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Chapter 10: Species-group nominal taxa and their names

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Chapter 11: Authorship

show Chapter 12 sections

Chapter 12: Homonymy

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Chapter 13: The type concept in nomenclature

show Chapter 14 sections

Chapter 14: Types in the family group

Chapter 15: Types in the genus group

  

Article 66. Application

  

Article 67. General provisions

  

  

67.1. Name-bearing types

  

  

67.2. Species eligible for type fixation (originally included nominal species)

  

  

67.3. Admissibiity of actions relevant to fixation

  

  

67.4. Type fixation

  

  

67.5. Designation

  

  

67.6. Fixations using incorrect spellings or unjustified emendations

  

  

67.7. Status of incorrect citations

  

  

67.8. Type species of nominal genus-group taxa denoted by new replacement names (nomina nova)

  

  

67.9. Misidentified type species

  

  

67.10. Union of nominal genus-group taxa

  

  

67.11. Nominal species that are already type species

  

  

67.12. Type species of nominal genera and subgenera first denoted by synonyms

  

  

67.13. Type species cited as deliberately used misapplications or misidentifications of previously established names

  

  

67.14. Type species disregarded in collective groups

  

Article 68. Type species fixed in the original publication

  

  

68.1. Order of precedence in ways of fixation

  

  

68.2. Type species by original designation

  

  

68.3. Type species by monotypy

  

  

68.4. Type species by absolute tautonymy

  

  

68.5. Type species by "Linnaean tautonymy"

  

  

68.6. Fixation of type species with names cited as deliberately used misapplications or misidentifications by previous authors

  

Article 69. Type species not fixed in the original publication

  

  

69.1. Type species by subsequent designation

  

  

69.2. Eligibility of species for type fixation

  

  

69.3. Type species by subsequent monotypy

  

  

69.4. "Fixation by elimination" excluded

  

Article 70. Identification of the type species

  

  

70.1. Correct identification assumed

  

  

70.2. Type fixation overlooked

  

  

70.3. Misidentified type species

  

  

70.4. Identification of type species by deliberate misapplication

show Chapter 16 sections

Chapter 16: Types in the species group

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Chapter 17: The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature

show Chapter 18 sections

Chapter 18: Regulations governing this code

Glossary

Summary

Appendices

Appendix A: Code of Ethics

Appendix B: General Recommendations

Constitution of the ICZN

Index

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